SCIENTIFIC NAME: Narcissus
COMMON NAME(S): Daffodils, Jonquils, Narcissus
FAMILY: AMARYLLIDACEAE - Amaryllis family
ORIGIN: Southern Europe, north Africa, about 50 spp.
HABITAT: Cultivated landscapes, florist's bouquets, potted flower for indoor use
HEIGHT: Variable, but less than 3'
CHARACTERISTICS: Bulb with papery cover
LEAVES: Narrowly strap-shaped
FLOWERS: Showy, white, yellow, orange or pink; with a cup formed by outgrowths of the petals; fragrant
FLOWERING SEASON: Spring
FRUITS: Capsule with black seeds
ALLERGENIC PRINCIPLES: Numerous alkaloids
ALLERGENIC PROPERTIES: Dermatological
COMMENTS: As with other members of the amaryllis family, narcissus have caused contact dermatitis to some individuals. The most common species cultivated are N. pseudonarcissus L. (Daffodil), N. poeticus L. (Poet's narcissus), N. tazetta L., N. papyraceus Ker-Gawler (Paperwhite narcissus) and N. jonquilla L. (Jonquil), but thousands of hybrids exist involving numerous other species.